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Session / Assembly

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A session refers to the period in which the council may carry out their law-making activities, and is decided by resolution of thecouncil. The regular session is heldtwice a year for a period of 60 days each, andatemporary session may be held each term for a period of 20 days. The council is insession for a total of140 days per year.




The local council doesn’t work in the legislature all year round it works for only a certain designated period.When the council gathers at a certain place to exercise aproper council function, it is called an assembly.

[Regular Session]
The regular session opens on June 20 and November 16 each year. If the opening day landson a Saturday or national holiday,the session will open the next business day.
Assemblies can be heldonly by going through the official notice procedure, without demand for a special request for assembly.
[Temporary Session]
The council chairman can call for a temporary session, of no more than 20 days, when it is requested by more than 1/3 of the council members, or by the head of any local government.
When a temporary session is called, the chairman must issue a public notice seven days prior to the session and notify all council members before the session can be held.
[General Meeting]
The general meeting begins after the day’s agenda and schedule, which isthe order of the proceedings for the day and lists the dates of the bill deliberations, are distributed to each member’sseat, and more than 1/3 of the council members are present.
On the first day of the session, there isan opening ceremony before the meeting begins. In general, the opening ceremony is attended by the mayor, chief of the educational department, and other senior government officials from executive organs,such asthe superintendent of education.
After the announcement of the session opening, matters that the council members should be aware of prior to the discussion are addressed, such as initiation, submission, and researchreports on billsbefore the bills are submitted for discussion, according to the order outlinedinthe session schedule.
On the first day of the session, for relatively simple matters, such as the opening ceremony, decisionsregardingthe session period and the selection and appointment of members to sign the minutes are generally made.

Progression of theGeneral Meeting

  • The chairman makes an official announcement.
  • Secretary general reports necessary items for the meeting.
Presentation of schedule
  • The chairman presents the day’s schedule.
  • The committee chairman reports or explains items from the committees.
Q & A
  • Before asking a question, a councilmember must requestthat the chairman make astatement.
  • In the discussion, a councilmember must ask the chairman for a statement.
  • Discussion of pros and cons
  • If there isno objection, the chairman announces that the bill or proposalhas passed.
  • But if there is an objection, a vote is necessary.
  • The chairman officially announces the end of the day’s schedule, andinformsthe members of the next day’s schedule.

Progression of the General Meeting


[Bill presentation → ead of the committee's deliberation report or proposal explanation → Q&A → Discussion and vote(Decision by Vote)]

  • When there are questions, the head of the committee that deliberated the bill or the member who reported the results of the deliberation, gives answers or explanations. In the case of a proposal explanation, the member who put forth the proposal or delivered the explanation answers any questions. The discussion procedure for abill is to first consider the cons and then the pros; once the discussion is completed, the discussion is closed and a voteis held.
  • Decision by voteis the final stage of bill deliberation. A decision is made regarding toeither pass or fail a bill, based on the members' opinions onthepros andcons of the bill at hand. The voting methods includean anonymous vote, standing vote, unsigned vote, and signed vote. When there is a discussion of the pros and cons, most general bills are processed by a standing votehowever, if the pros and cons are notdiscussed, or questions are not raised, an anonymous vote is called, with members asked to indicate"agreement" or "disagreement".
  • When a voting method is chosen by the general meeting, bysuggestion ofthe chairman or members' agreement, voting can take place according to that method. For voting that takes place in the council, an unsigned vote will be employed,unless otherwise mandated.
  • Except for special cases, voting results on general bills are only accepted when more than half of all members are present and more than half of the members present cast a vote in the majority. The chairman also has theright to vote, and when the number of votes "for"and the number of votes "against"are equal, the bill is considered defeated. When all the proceedings for the day are over, the schedule for the next meeting will be announced before the current meeting is declaredadjourned.